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|Cobweb spiders (Theridiidae), also called comb-footed spiders, belong to the order spiders (Araneae), the suborder Araneomorphae (also: Labidognatha), the series Entelegynae, and the superfamily Araneoidea. The family cobweb spiders includes 96 genera with 2283 species and its members are found throughout the world. . Cobweb spiders are frequently encountered in the temperate zones as well as in the subtropical and tropical regions. |
|Almost all spiders are land animals. They often hide during the day and are only active at dawn or at night. The water spider is the only genus which lives in water. A number of species hunt on the water surface.
Birds pose the biggest threat to spiders. However amphibians, reptiles and bats also eat spiders. Some spider species feed exclusively on other spiders. Other natural enemies are: wasps, ants, true dragonflies, small-headed flies, Nematodes and Acarina.|
|Araneae are frequently referred to as „true spiders“ or simply as “spiders”. There are approximately 40,000 species globally, in 3,700 genuses (people will know more easily what you mean) and 108 families. Araneae have 8 legs in contrast to insects which have 6. Furthermore instead of compound eyes they have 8 simple e...|
|Crab spiders (Thomisidae) is one of the most varied families. It belongs to the order spiders (Araneae) and the suborder Araneomorphae. This family comprises approximately 164 genera (eg Coriarachne, Diaea, Heriaeus, Misumena, Ebrechtella, Monaeses, Ozyptila, Pistius, Runcinia, Synema, Thomisus, Tmarus, Xysticus and Misumenops) with 2042 dif...|
|Running crab spiders|
|Running crab spiders is a family in the order spiders (Araneae) and the suborder Araneomorphae. This family is found throughout the world and comprises approximately 502 species in 29 genera. In Europe there are 25 species. The largest genus of running crab spider is Philodromus with 237 - 240 species,...|
|Philodromus dispar is a species in the order spiders (Araneae), the suborder Araneomorphae, the family running crab spiders or philodromid crab spiders (Philodromidae), and the genus (Philodromus). This species is found throughout the palearctic ecozone and is widespread in Germany and Central Europe but even in appropriate habitats is only moderately common. According to the “Red List” of Germany,...|
|Rabbit hutch spider|
|The rabbit hutch spider (Steatoda bipunctata) belongs to the order spiders (Araneae), suborder Araneomorphae (also: Labidognatha), series Entelegynae, superfamily Araneoidea, the family Cobweb spiders (Theridiidae) and to the genus Steatoda. This species is widespread throughout the Holarctic ecozone and is encountered commonly in Central Europe. Rabbit hutch spiders reproduce twice a year and are non-endangered.|
|Philodromus aureolus belong to the genus Philodromus, in the order spiders (Araneae), the suborder Araneomorphae, and the family philodromid crab spiders or running crab spiders (Philodromidae). This species is widespread in Europe, Africa, North America and Asia. It is common in Germany and Central Europe and is found almost everywhere. |
|... centre of its web or near the edge , waiting for prey. In case of danger or disturbance, the spider falls back into the vegetation and adopts a special posture as camouflage. At to the soil the autumn spider can often be found in the company of spiders from the family Linyphiidae.
Males survive mating, which occurs in September and lasts only a few minutes Before mating takes place a number of sexually mature males appear in the vicinity of the orb-web of the female , where they wait for ...|
... to 100 yellow eggs are laid in these cocoons. A few days later the female autumn spider dies. The eggs overwinter in the cocoon. The new generation hatches in spring.
Some natural enemies of the autumn spider are: insectivores, birds and other spiders from the family pirate spiders (Mimetidae), for example species of the genus Ero.
|Most species have spherical abdomens which are shiny black or brown to light brown incolourand often patterned in more or less contrasting colours . In many cases, the abdomen is oblong in shape. Most cobweb spiders have long, thin legs. A distinctive characteristic of these spiders, is the "comb" or “brush” on the feet (tarsi) of their 4th pair of legs, which is made from hairs (setae). The hairs are bent and have fine "teeth" along the edge. They help the spider to wrap its silk around the prey. Hence ...|
...or “brush” on the feet (tarsi) of their 4th pair of legs, which is made from hairs (setae). The hairs are bent and have fine "teeth" along the edge. They help the spider to wrap its silk around the prey. Hence the name "comb-footed spiders".
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