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|...osoma is the characteristic leaf-shaped marking (folium) , which varies in colour (often in highly-contrasting red tones). The underside is yellow to brown in colour, with one dark and two bright stripes in the middle.
The legs of the autumn spider are yellow to light brown in colour and have indistinct dark spots and rings. The midfoot (metatarsal) of the first leg pair is (on the ventral side) slightly hairy, ( on the ventral side).
Due to its appearance, the autumn spider can easily can confused with the small autumn spider (Metellina mengei), which is similar in colour. . The species can be told apart by the shape of their genitals, their body size and the hair on the legs of the males.
The autumn spider can be encountered in a wide range of environments, at various altitudes. It prefers semi-open habitats such as forest edges, clearings, box, trees, lawns, gardens, hedgerows, bogs and swamps, where it can be found as a mature adult in herbal l...|
...ous altitudes. It prefers semi-open habitats such as forest edges, clearings, box, trees, lawns, gardens, hedgerows, bogs and swamps, where it can be found as a mature adult in herbal layers and shrub layers from August to October.
The autumn spider is diurnal and feeds on insects. It builds a relatively small orb-web which is often close to the ground, The web is not more than about 1.5 metres from the ground. The autumn spider is usually found upside down in the centre of its web or near the edge , waiting for prey. In case of danger or disturbance, the spider falls back into the vegetation and adopts a special posture as camouflage. At to the soil the autumn spider can often be found in the company of spiders from the family Linyphiidae.
Males survive mating, which occurs in September and lasts only a few minutes Before mating takes place a number of sexually mature males appear in the vicinity of the orb-web of the female , where they wait for...
...ating takes place a number of sexually mature males appear in the vicinity of the orb-web of the female , where they wait for the female’s readiness to mate. If an insect gets caught in the female’s web, the males race towards it and the fastest spider wraps the prey in silk and offers it as a "bridal gift" to the female. While the female spider eats the gift , the successful male starts a courtship ritual during which it drums and plucks at the threads of the web to get the full attention of the female. When the female is ready, she takes position on a mating string at the rear of ...
...l male starts a courtship ritual during which it drums and plucks at the threads of the web to get the full attention of the female. When the female is ready, she takes position on a mating string at the rear of the web. After mating the male spider leaves.
The female autumn spider creates several white, round cocoons onthe branches or the bark of trees for the protection of the eggs. Up to 100 yellow eggs are laid in these cocoons. A few days later the female autumn spider dies. The eggs overwinter in the cocoon. The new generation hatches in spring.
Some natural enemies of the autumn spider are: insectivores, birds and other spiders from the family pirate spiders (Mimetidae), for example species of the genus Ero.
|Spider wasps all have the same type of body, which makes identification of individual species difficult. They are always long, lean and leggy. The abdomen is egg shaped, widening at the rear. Spider wasps are completely black or black with a red base colour on the abdomen. Spider wasps have a poisonous sting. The sting of spider wasps can be painful, but is usually harmless for humans. |
|They build nests in the ground for their eggs and the developing offspring. Therefore often serve them cavities in the soil. Inside the nests they erect breeding cells for their larvae. The hatched larvae feed on spiders captured by the female spider wasps. Some species build nests in human dwellings. Others are parasitoids, living in other spider wasps nests. In the latter case, the female lays its eggs inside a dead spider, which just gets carried into the nest of another female spider wasp. This may be on the itinerary, or even the foreign nest. |
|...ated singly or in or in small clusters) can amount to more than 1000.
The larvae are very small when they hatch. At the end of their abdomen is an apparature through which they can move like loopers (inchworms). The larvae feed parasitically on spiders or on their young. They jump on approaching spiders and penetrate (through the skin at one of the spider’s joints) into the prey’s body. They remain here and feed slowly on the spider’s insides until the end of their larval stage. The larvae overwinter inside the remains of the spider. In spring they pupate in the soil. The pupae have a curved shape.|
|...5000. Occasionally, the eggs are also stored directly on the soil.
Approximately 4-6 weeks after oviposition (egg laying), the larvae hatch. At the end of their abdomen is an apparature by which they move ( like inchworms ). If they encounter a spider, they jump onto it and drill through the skin at the joint until they are inside the spider. They then live off the substances inside the body and hibernate in the hull of the empty spider until spring, when they pupate in the soil.|
|The legs of the rabbit hutch spider are red in colour with brown rings. Due to their appearance they can be confused with Steatoda castanea.
The rabbit hutch spider can live several years. In Central Europe they tend to stay in one place and are found throughout the year, most commonly in the living rooms of humans, although they also live outdoors. They are found at altitudes of up to 2000 metres ; in ...|
...e found throughout the year, most commonly in the living rooms of humans, although they also live outdoors. They are found at altitudes of up to 2000 metres ; in the mountains niches are one of their habitats of preference. In addition, these spiders are found in alley trees. Rabbit hutch spiders search for dark areas in residential buildings, basements and barns and survive in extremely warm, dry rooms when other spider species are long gone.
|... of threads radiating from a central point, crossed by radial links that spiral in from the edge) between branches and stems. The Tetragnatha montana lies stretched out, outside its web, waiting for the prey. If an insect flies into the web , the spider injects it with poison and the poison turns the insides of the prey into fluid. The insect is then tied up like a parcel and stored not far off from the web. The spider then starts repairing the web. If the spider gets hungry it will eat the stored prey later on.|
|The oak spider spins its web near the ground, between bushes or corn stalks with the hub is covered by a dense white tissue. The spider itself sits in another web, which has a bowl-like shape, is open upward and attached near to the upper edge of dry plant parts, or even larger flowers. If there is interference or danger the oak spider may fall to the ground, returning to its observation post after some time. |
|Zygielle x-notata is a member of the orb-weaver spider family. It is found in Central Europe. This spider is from 5 to 11 mm in length. Its body is yellow to brown in colour and it bears a leaf like marking on its abdomen.|
|Spider wasps (Pompilidae) is a family in the order Hymenoptera, the suborder Apocrita and the superfamily Vespoidea. This family comprises approximately 4000 species which are widespread throughout the world and around100 of these are found in Central Euro...|