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Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
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|Beetles’ body shapes are very diverse as a result of adaption to environment. They can be long, lean, short and stocky as well as flat and sometimes streamlined. The structure of the beetle’s surface is an important criterion for classification. The surface can be smooth, ridged, shiny, grooved o...|
|... characteristic? of the honey bee is the narrow and elongated radial cells on the forewings. The sides of these cells are almost parallel and only slightly curved. Queens and workers have a poisonous sting, however the queen’s has degenerated as a result of egg laying.|
|...ed a temperature of around 35 degrees Celsius to live together in the hive, good conditions prevail for the spread of diseases. Propolis is a plastic material and is therefore used to seal surfaces and even the smallest openings in the beehive. As a result of its composition, propolis has a strong antibiotic effect and kills fungi and microorganisms introduced into the hive.
Propolis is of importance medically. Nevertheless it is only used after cleaning and processing. Propolis preparations are s...|
|Beeswax (Cera Flava) is a product of bees’ wax glands. It is used to build honeycombs. The wax is initially white, but becomes progressively more yellow as a result of contact with pollen oil (from flower pollen). and comes after previous treatment again as a white wax in the trade.
The wax can be treated to return it to its original colour. In industry most of the wax now used is artificial or synthetic....|
...ine, beeswax is used in the treatment of coughs, colds, muscle and joint pain (heat packs).
In apiculture wax gets recycled. It is for health reasons overaged wax (by impurities dark coloured) was taken by heat and steam melted and cleaned. The resulting white wax is given back to the bees.
|...ont legs. In the males, the first pair of legs can be five times longer than the hind pair of legs. The two pairs of front legs are slightly bent in resting position and face forward. These creatures limbs also enable them to walk sidewards and as a result of this they bear a striking resemblance to crabs. |
|...also found on high plants. They benefit from their colouration in two ways. Firstly, they reflect UV light and therefore attract insects. Secondly, they are able to adapt to the colour of their hunting ground (within a few days is possible) and as a result are only observed by their prey when it is too late. They grab the prey with their front legs with lightning speed and kill them by biting them in the neck. |
|While the old queens usually die in the autumn the young fertilized queens seek safe homes. With the cold of coming winter huge numbers of worker wasps die from starvation and as a result many colony wasps become solitary. In spring new colonies emerge from the overwintering young queens. |