Photography with cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
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|The fertilized females search for the pupae of butterflies to lay their eggs in. They bite the butterfly pupa and lay an unfertilised egg inside it. From this egg a male develops. If the females find a large pupa, they insert a fertilized egg in the same manner, from which a female deve...|
...y an unfertilised egg inside it. From this egg a male develops. If the females find a large pupa, they insert a fertilized egg in the same manner, from which a female develops. The hatched larvae initially feed on the blood of the butterfly pupae.
Later, they eat the whole insides of the pupae. After that the black slip wasp larvae pupate. 2 weeks later the young black slip wasps hatch and bite through the skin of the butterfly pupae. The adult black slip wasp overwinters, often behind tree bark.
|... 200 eggs. The young caterpillars, which hatch after a few days, are gregarious and live in self spinned tissue. At the end of the larval period, lasting 1 to 2 months, they are living solitarily or in small groups. The caterpillars then pupate. The pupae are brown or light green with shimmering patches and are covered in spines. 12 days after pupating the small tortoiseshell butterfly hatches. Parasitic Diptera pose a threat to the caterpillars. Birds eat the pupae, but not the caterpillars. |
|...ce. The females have an ovipositor on the end of their bodies.
The adult flies have a life span of about 1 week and only feed on vegetables (phytophagous). Aside from the open air, they are mainly encountered in greenhouses. After hatching from pupae, the females start feeding immediately. They drill small holes in the top surface of plantsí leaves using their ovipositors and suck up liquid with their mouth parts. The damaged areas on the leaf tissue (which also enable bacteria and fungi to ...|
... "Serpentine leafminers" for the genus Liriomyza. The outer layer of the leaves remains intact.
After 4 days the larvae are fully developed and leave the leavesí interior, through a slit, in order to pupate. The development from egg to pupae (reddish-yellow to brown in colour) to adult takes about 17 days.
Endoparasites are natural enemies of the Chrysanthemum leaf miner larvae, for example, the larvae of the ichneumon wasps Dacnusa sibirica and Diglyphus isaea. The ichneumon wasps ...
|...plant parts, where the substrate serves as a nutrient medium for the larvae who hatch one to two days later. The larvae go through 3 stages of development before they pupate. Pupation takes place in the nutrient medium or in the underlying soil. The pupae have a reddish surface. 14-32 days after the eggs are laid, the adult flies of the new generation leave their pupae.
Sepsis violacea are of ecological importance as they clean the soil.|
|...t reach body lengths of 1. 8-2. 2 mm. They feed on the dung, carrion or garbage, in which they live. In the 2nd larval stage, they are 2. 7-3. 8 mm long. At the end of the 3rd larval stage, the larvae are 13-14 mm in length and they then pupate. The pupae are 8. 4-9. 8 mm long and in size differ from pupae of other species of blow flies. The development time from egg to adult is approximately 38 days in total. |
|At the end of the larval period the caterpillars pupate on their host plants, where they prefer sheltered places such as niches. The pupae hang down from grass fronds near the soil. The pupae are difficult to make out on dry soil and leaf litter because of their camouflage colouration - yellowish green, later brownish-green or brown. |
|...countered on grasses, herbs and shrubs. The adults fly throughout the summer. The larvae of Lagriinae are white and brownish in colour. They are very small and survive the winter on fallen leaves, which are also their food source. The larvae turn to pupae in the soil.|
|...y tunnels. In the chambers, balls of dung are placed before the larvae as a future food supply. The side passages to the chambers are then filled with feces and sealed with clay. The larvae need approximately 1 year to grow up and then to turn into pupae.
The number of Geotrupes stercorarius is declining.|
|...ll with chippings which she glues together with her saliva. In the direction of the exit the female then builds a new cell and then another and so on. When the larvae hatch they are like maggots and they develop for 3 weeks. They then turn into pupae and finish their development in June.|
|Lepidopterans begin life as caterpillars. They hatch from eggs and feed on plants before they pupate. After their metamorphosis, they hatch from their pupae as an adult butterfly (imago) to live on and store new eggs. Lepidopterans and caterpillars are able to camouflage themselves using colour and texture and even practice mimicry.|
|yellow eggs in soil (12)|
|yellow pupae (4)|
|yellow eggs on top of soil (2)|
|bibionidae pupae (1)|
|yellow pupae buried in soil (1)|
|yellow soil larvae (1)|
|different size yellow eggs on surface of soil (1)|