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|...ery close to each other. The nests are equipped with small chambersshaped like hazelnuts, which are smooth inside and treated with an antibiotic acting secretion. The front brood chamber is often filled with the food supply and is meant to divert parasites’ attention from the brood in the rear chambers.
Before oviposition occurs, the females fill the brood chambers with a puree of pollen and nectar, on which they lay their eggs ,in a small puddle of nectar. The hatched larvae feed on the puree ...|
...nd nectar, on which they lay their eggs ,in a small puddle of nectar. The hatched larvae feed on the puree until early autumn, thereafter they pupate within the brood chamber. They overwinter as pupae and hatch as adult bees in March. Among the parasites who feed on the brood of Anthophora and Amegilla is the oil beetle Sitaris muralis. In march, the female Sitaris muralis beetles place an egg on the fur of hatched male Anthophora and Amegilla.
During mating the eggs are transferred to the fur...
|The Andrena vaga only collects nectar and pollen from pastureland. Other species only live on pollen from asparagus, Bryony or Potentilla.As brood parasites and nomada bees, the cuckoo bees lay their eggs into the nests of Andrena. Other parasites are the blister beetle, Bombyliidae and Strepsiptera.Andrena, like many wild bees, are of major ecological importance due to their role as plant pollinators.|
|Heteroptera have a wide variety of forms. With regard to their habitat and way of life they also vary greatly. There are plant sucking species, predatory species and parasites such as the bedbug (Cimex lectularius). Their habitats range from forests and meadows to human dwellings. Some species prefer humid locations such as swamps, while others live in sand or salt, or in or on water. In rare cases they even appear on the...|
|...st, however, live in the tropics.
The dietary habits of rove beetle larvae are generally the same as the adults. While most rove beetles are predatory some species eat fungi, or putrescent animals and plants. The larvae of some species live as parasites? on the pupaeof flies. There are species of rove beetle, which only inhabit birds' nests, mammals' nests, ants' nests, termites' nests or those of wasps. In ants' nests, rove beetles hunt for their hosts, eat carrion or decimate the hatching ants...|
|The diet of Muscidae differs from species to species. There are parasites, blood suckers and also flower visitors. Then there are species that suck fluids of various kinds. Others feed on dead organic material and on the fungi which live within. There are species which live from feces and others which tunnel into plants,...|
|... the latter, being significantly thicker towards the rear, is easily recognizable. The front wings are folded lengthwise.
The adult wasps are mainly found on umbelliferae flowers, mint, thistle or golden rod plants. Their larvae mostly live as parasites in the nests of some kinds of bees or wasps, for example, digger wasps or solitary wasps. The fertilized females lay their eggs in spring in the nests of their larvae’s hosts. This happens near the brood-cells which have adjacent food stores. ...|
|...ants. Other species eat live plant parts or feed on other insects or small prey animals. Some species of insects like bees collect nectar or pollen, and thus make an important contribution to the pollination of plants. Insects can also occur as parasites, which suck blood or develop into adults in living tissue. |
|... anteaters (which only exist outside Europe) , ants have several natural enemies - certain bird species, small snakes, amphibians and spiders Other insects or spiders sometimes live as guests in the ant nest. Ants are often attacked by blood-sucking parasites such as mites. Some people regard ants as harmful especially those who collect cereal seeds or keep aphids domesticated in the garden.
Furthermore, skin contact with the poison from fire ants can cause allergic reactions. Overall, however, ant...|
|Their ability to fly varies from species to species. While the adult small-headed flies eat flower nectar, their larvae live as parasites on spiders (Araneae). It is suspected that they also infect mites.|
|larvae nests (3)|