|Genera Anthophora and Amegilla|
|The genera Anthophora and Amegilla form a new genus in the family bees (Apidae), the order Hymenoptera , the superfamily Apoidea and the subfamily Anthophorinae. The German name for this new genus is “Pelzbienen” and could be translated as “fur bees”. Anthophora and Amegilla are found throughout the world and they are widespread in Central Europe where approximately 20 species can be found. Some species of the genus Ant...|
|Murky-legged Black Legionnaire|
|...green and have a metallic sheen.
They have a dark head with large, oval, dark red compound eyes and short, strong, dark sensors. Their chest is slightly hairy. At the rear edge of the scutellum areoften a number of curved spikes, hence the family name "soldier flies". Their halteres are whitish in colour, their legs are long and yellow and their feet are dark. The abdomen of the murky-legged black legionnaire appears flattened.
The murky-legged black legionnaire lives in humid fo...|
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|The heads of these flies are very small (hence their name ). The compound eyes of the males are almost joined? (holoptic eyes). On the sides of the thorax (chest) are large scales , under which the halteres (the balancing organ of a two-winged fly) are concealed. Some species have a very long, strong pro...|
|...les and cover the sides of their heads like bowls. The eyes vary in colour from brown to bright red depending on species. The genitalia of the males are very large and are below the abdomen. The last pair of legs often have very broad feet hence the name "flat-footed flies". |
|...s a wingspan of 35-50 mm. The upper sides of the wings of both sexes are white. The outermost part of the forewings is grey to black-grey in the females, and orange in the males. This orange mark is characteristic of the species hence their name In the centre of the upper side of the forewings is a black spot, which is somewhat smaller on the males. The colouring of the underside of the forewings is roughly the same as the upper side.|
|... the "comb" or “brush” on the feet (tarsi) of their 4th pair of legs, which is made from hairs (setae). The hairs are bent and have fine "teeth" along the edge. They help the spider to wrap its silk around the prey. Hence the name "comb-footed spiders".|
|...prosoma). The prosoma is followed by the abdomen which is not divided and mostly appears in a bigger size. They are a member of the subphylum Chelicerata having the chelicerae – the appendages which appear before the mouth - which give the group its name. On the end of the Chelicerata are retractable claws, and in their points are poison glands. |
|The wing covers (elytra) also have a lace like surface. This structure, in addition to the structure of the antennae and the body shape, is an essential feature in the identification of the various species and gave rise to their common name in both English and German. Here, the number of strips and the mesh of the lattice plays an essential role. The wing membranes are difficult to discern beneath the ‘lace’. There are species with well developed wings and others which cannot fly becau...|
|Lace bugs feed solely on plants, either on individual plant species (monophagous) or on a limited number of plant families (oligophagous). This is reflected in the name of each species (hawthorn lace bug, sugarcane lace bug, avocado lace bug, azalea lace bug etc. ). Lace bugs sit on the flowers and leaf undersides of their host plants. These insects are rather inactive and mostly hide between plant’s hairs, spines ...|
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