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|The anterior section of the body (prosoma) of the females is brown and has thin, white to pale yellow or cream-coloured edges, which appear clearly separated. In some specimens light radial stripes can be seen. The prosoma of the males is dark brown to black, has short hairs and a clear white stripe on both sides. The upper surface of the rear section of the body (opisthosoma) of the females is light brown to brown with dark edges. In the middle, an indistinct leaf shaped pattern (folium) is usually visible. Towards the back of the abdomen is a marking in the shape of an arrow or angle. Brown spots can sometimes be seen on the front of the abdom...|
...e, an indistinct leaf shaped pattern (folium) is usually visible. Towards the back of the abdomen is a marking in the shape of an arrow or angle. Brown spots can sometimes be seen on the front of the abdomen. The sides are white to cream-coloured or light yellow, with the edges clearly separated.
|Ladybirds (ladybugs, lady beetles)|
|...Ladybirds (Coccinellidae) are a diverse family within the order Beetles.
The body of the ladybird is dome-shaped, shortened or oval. They are between 1 to 12 mm in length. The head, chest and underside are usually black however some have a light brown to red-brown underside. The coloring of the head depends on the rest of the body and is sometimes different to the coloring of the body. The body color ranges from light beige to yellow, orange, all the brown tones, pink, red to black. Young ladybirds are initially white or yellowish. The coloring serves as a warning to enemies. There are hairy species of ladybirds.|
|The 2 anterior pairs of legs in Thomisus onustus are very long, broad curled in light brown or reddish brown, and are, in resting position, posited at an angle and bent forward. Due to this these spiders resemble crabs with large claws. They are able to walk sideways. In the males, the first pair of legs can be three to five times lo...|
...an angle and bent forward. Due to this these spiders resemble crabs with large claws. They are able to walk sideways. In the males, the first pair of legs can be three to five times longer than the last pair. The two rear pairs of legs are uniformly light beige. The pink females, often have dark grey stripes on their legs.
|The upper section of the body (prosoma) has dark edges and is a glassy, yellow to light brown colour. On the upper side is a black marking which resembles a "Y". The sternum is dark brown.
The rear section of the body (opisthosoma) is oblong. The basic colours of the upper side are white , yellow , green or reddish-bro...|
...ristic leaf-shaped marking (folium) , which varies in colour (often in highly-contrasting red tones). The underside is yellow to brown in colour, with one dark and two bright stripes in the middle.
The legs of the autumn spider are yellow to light brown in colour and have indistinct dark spots and rings. The midfoot (metatarsal) of the first leg pair is (on the ventral side) slightly hairy, ( on the ventral side).
Due to its appearance, the autumn spider can easily can confused with the small autumn spider (Metellina mengei), which is similar in colour. . The species can be told apart by the shape of their genitals, their...
|...ult specimens can reach body lengths of 5 to 9 mm. Including their long (and hairy) tail appendages total lengths of 8 to 17 mm are possible. Their long and slender bodies are yellowish-brown in colour sometimes with a green shimmer. The head is light coloured with a central marking in yellow, gray, brown and reddish-brown tones. Their two large compound eyes are brown in colour. Their mouth parts are atrophied because they mostly do not eat and live of fluid. The surface of the thorax is yellow...|
...rax is yellowish, reddish and whitish in colour and has a wide, somewhat darkened median stripe, in which a bright line runs lengthwise. The scutellum (small triangular plate on the thorax) is bright turquoise. Each segment of the abdomen has a light brown andreddish brown pattern on it and a long shiny green stripe lengthwise on the upper surface. In male specimens the posterior part is often red or reddish brown in colour. The Pond olive dun is able to swim by moving its abdomen up and do...
|Females are light brown, olive brown, olive green or ochre in colour. The basal spots on their hindwings are yellow or yellow-orange. The wingspan of the scarlet dragonfly is 55 - 70 mm. Between the wing approaches a light narrow dorsal line can be detected. The pterostigma is yellow or orange-yellow to brown. Scarlet dragonflies can easily be confused with some darter species, however, they are larger and have a flatter abdomen than the darters. Young and female scar...|
|Adult Eupteryx aurata reach body lengths of 3. 5 – 4. 5 mm. Their bodies, may be lighter or darker and they have a yellow base colour with black markings. There are 2 dark spots/patches on the head and on the pronotum. On the scutellum, there are also 2 black spots/patches which sometimes converge. The end of the scutellum is light in colour. The wings have black markings. The wing tips are light. The hind legs have long square tibia, which are stuffed with one row of spikes. |
|The rear section of the body (opisthosoma) in both sexes is usually a light green colour with a light green to green shimmer. It may, however, also be covered with white or yellow spots and fine white hair. While the females have plain green legs, the males’ are yellowish-brown. The Nigma walckenaeri can be distinguished from all other Dictynidae sp...|
|Philodromus aureolus have a flat body. The females have a yellow-brown, golden brown or dark brown base colour. The males are dark brown with a faint light pattern although their colouration is mostly obscured by dense hair. The females are 4-7 mm in length, the males 3. 5 - 5 mm. The hair of the males is dazzlingly bright (iridescent), with a green metallic sheen which varies in intensity. The females...|
... their colouration is mostly obscured by dense hair. The females are 4-7 mm in length, the males 3. 5 - 5 mm. The hair of the males is dazzlingly bright (iridescent), with a green metallic sheen which varies in intensity. The females have a strip of light-coloured hair running lengthwise along their backs.
|...e dependent on water. There are species that live under or near the water like hygrophiles or predaceous diving beetles.
Depending on which species they are, beetles fly shorter or longer distances. There are also species that are not capable of flight because (as is the case for most ground beetle species) their wings are missing. There are beetle species producing sounds by moving parts of their bodies. Some beetles are able to generate light (such as fireflies).|