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|Ladybirds (ladybugs, lady beetles)|
|Ladybirds (Coccinellidae) are a diverse family within the order Beetles.
The body of the ladybird is dome-shaped, shortened or oval. They are between 1 to 12 mm in length. The head, chest and underside are usually black however some have a light bro...|
...t brown to red-brown underside. The coloring of the head depends on the rest of the body and is sometimes different to the coloring of the body. The body color ranges from light beige to yellow, orange, all the brown tones, pink, red to black. Young ladybirds are initially white or yellowish. The coloring serves as a warning to enemies. There are hairy species of ladybirds.
|Ladybirds eat aphids, scale insects, powdery mildew, fungi, Spider mites, true bugs, thrips, beetle larvae, or larvae of Tenthredinidae and larvae of Lepidoptera. When food is short ladybirds also feed on plant substances. Cannibalism can be encountered among both adult ladybirds and their larvae.|
|Ladybirds are found throughout the world, but more commonly in warmer climates. They live in forests, meadows, dry grass, moors, heaths, parks and gardens. Furthermore the length of the routes they fly varies: short when searching for food and long when se...|
... more commonly in warmer climates. They live in forests, meadows, dry grass, moors, heaths, parks and gardens. Furthermore the length of the routes they fly varies: short when searching for food and long when searching for places to overwinter. Ladybirds often occur in swarms.
|...r to the living of the adult beetles. The living of the larvae affects the duration of their larval stage.
In the Palearctic beetles mostly overwinter as pupa and slip off during the spring. Some species overwinter as adult beetles (for example: ladybirds and Hydrophilidae). |
|The larvae of ladybirds can look very different to each other, but they are mostly elongated and plump. They are blue-grey, brown or yellow in color with yellow, orange or red spots. One can often determine from the coloring of the larvae what their coloring will be as...|
|...on a leaf. After about one week the adult Asian ladybird slip off the pupa.
At the production of wine the Asian lady beetle can be a problem. The hemolymph of the beetle affects the taste so dramatically, that the wine is unfit to drink.
Asian ladybirds are commonly found in populated areas, where they seek out (often in large numbers) apartments and houses to hibernate , and can thus be a pest.|
|... of the ladybird are: ground beetles, Reduviidae , birds, lizards, shrews and frogs. The Dinocampus coccinellae (a parasitoid wasp) is a specialized enemy. Certain Hymenoptera, aphids and nematodes also have a harmful, parasitic relationship with ladybirds.|
|As ladybirds eat pests they are considered useful by humans. However In Europe the Subcoccinella vigintiquatuorpunctata can be harmful, especially if it occurs in alfalfa , sugar beets, clover, potatoes, carnations and dahlias.|
|The eleven-spot ladybird [Coccinella (Neococcinella) undecimpunctata], also: 11-spotted ladybird, or eleven-spotted lady beetle, belongs to the family ladybirds (Coccinellidae), in the order beetles (Coleoptera), the suborder Polyphaga, the infraorder Cucujiformia and the superfamily Cucujoidea. Here, in the subfamily Coccinellinae, the tribe Coccinellini and the genus Coccinella, this species belongs to th...|
|brown apartment larvae (1)|
|harmful ladybird bugs (1)|
|is a subcoccinella harmful to humans (1)|