Photography with cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
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|The head is orange-red at the front. The antennae are long and threadlike and the first 3 segments are brownish red. The other segments are black. The mouthparts (mandibles) are red in colour, as also as parts of the neck. The front part of the chest is orange on the upper surface (neck plate). There is a black spot in the middle of the chest that can run right up to the front or rear edge. |
|Adult sage leafhoppers reach body lengths of 2 - 3. 5 mm. Their bodies taper at the front and are club shaped at the rear. The base colour of the body is whitish-green to yellowish-green. On the upper part of the face and forehead there are four to five black spots. The pronotum has two black spots in the middle and three on the sides. T...|
...d are club shaped at the rear. The base colour of the body is whitish-green to yellowish-green. On the upper part of the face and forehead there are four to five black spots. The pronotum has two black spots in the middle and three on the sides. The front wings have a pattern made up of dark brown spots and dark edges. The wing veins are distinctly yellow. The legs are whitish-green. The bodies of the immature nymphs are cream coloured.
|...ouration of their bodies varies. . The basic colour is often black or reddish-brown. Many species have markings in red, white, yellow or brown. The antennae of most species have more than 16 segments. The presence and shape of the areole in the front wings is a major identifying characteristic. The females of many species have a long ovipositor. The abdomen is clearly separated from the front part of the body.
Ichneumon wasps are widespread in various habitats such as mixed forests, deciduous forests, coniferous forests, fields, wetlands, wood shots, clearings and forest deadfall.
Species which parasitise aphids can exploit up to...|
|...ela flavidus are yellowish to light grey in colour. They have long, thin antennae with 13 segments. Their mouthparts consist of an intermediate form of chewing and sucking tools. The bright, upper surface of the thorax bears a brown patch at the front and laterally. The wings are dark and their veins stand out clearly. Dark coloured spots can be seen on the upper surface of the wings (on both sides behind the scutellum and extending out from there. The males’ forewings at their rear edge are reve...|
...s stand out clearly. Dark coloured spots can be seen on the upper surface of the wings (on both sides behind the scutellum and extending out from there. The males’ forewings at their rear edge are reversed like a hook and thus hand along the thicker front edge of the rear wing, while the females have stunted forewings or no forewings at all.
|...lely on the workers of honey bees (Apis mellifera). To detect prey they deploy their visual skills as well as their strong sense of smell. When a flying honey bee is clearly identified, the attack is immediate. The bee wolf catches the prey with its front legs and, using its sting, injects poison into the uppersurface of the waist of the prey. The correct place to sting is located with special sensitive hairs. The bee cannot resist, because its own sting cannot fix onto the smooth surface of the bee ...|
...annot fix onto the smooth surface of the bee wolf and is thus not able to penetrate the outer surface. The bee wolf’s sting causes speedy paralysis of the honey bee. The bee wolf then presses out nectar and body fluid from the prey with its powerful front legs and eats this immediately. The bee itself is not consumed and is subsequently dropped. Transport of the prey into the bee wolf’s nest is only to supply food for the larvae. The females occasionally also feed on nectar, which they obtain directl...
|The body of adult Sepsis fulgens is usually dark, with a metallic sheen and 2-4 mm in length. The abdomen is roundish with a "wasp waist" at the front and altogether the bodyresembles that of an ant. The wings (males’ 1.8 to 3.3 mm in length, females’ 2.7 to 3.4 mm ), are completely transparent with a dark spot at the top. Males can be distinguished by the shape of their front legs. Adult flies give off a peculiar smell.
|The front part of the body (prosoma) of the males is equipped with strikingly long pedipalps and a distinct organ for producing sound. The latter consists of numerous parallel grooves located at the rear sides of the prosoma. Rabbit hutch spiders are the onl...|
...r consists of numerous parallel grooves located at the rear sides of the prosoma. Rabbit hutch spiders are the only native species able to generate sound, which they do by rubbing a sharp edge on their abdomen against the parallel grooves on their front body. The upperside of the males’ prosoma is reddish brown to dark brown in colour and is covered in punctiform grooves.
|...These are relatively small moths with slender, elongated bodies. They can reach body lengths of 10 mm and wingspans of 10-15 mm. Their wings have a metallic sheen and are various shades of brown in colour with slightly raised, white stripes. The front wings have 12 veins, the hind wings 10. The hind wings are rounded, similar in width to the front wings, and have a short fringe at the edge. The head has medium-length filamentous antennae. The proboscis is pronounced and has scales at its base.|
|...athus arbustorum reach lengths of 3.7 - 4.3 mm, while males range from 3.8 - 4.6 mm. Their bodies are elongated and the males are slenderer than the females. Plagiognathus arbustorum vary in colour from light olive brown to almost black. The head, front of chest and first two antennae segments are usually dark. The head is small, shorter than it is wide and strongly inclined backwards. The chest has a bright posterior. The chest and front wings are covered with dark hairs. The legs are yellowish. A very useful identifying characteristic is the black, vertical lines on the thighs, which can also be found on the larvae. The lower part of the legs are covered with large, dark spot...|
|The most striking feature of this fly is the large, bloated-looking head. At the front is a translucent, dark brown bubble. The face of the Sicus ferrugineus is yellow. The lower part of the face is shiny, while the crown and forehead are dull coloured. The large compound eyes are chestnut-brown. The antennae are short and reddish bro...|
...3rd. The proboscis consists of two sections and is dark brown to black-brown in colour. The cheeks in the side view appear substantially narrower than the compound eyes. A shiny, black patch is visible on the chest (thorax) - between the hips of the front and middle legs couples The abdomen, which is usually folded forward when in resting position, has a circular cross section, and is hook-shaped especially in the males. The 7th segment of the abdomen is wedge-shaped and long. The end segments often ...
|honeybee cereal (2)|
|yellow wings with black spots (2)|
|honey bee cereal (1)|
|bee brown body yellow abdomen (1)|
|speedy bee cereal (1)|
|bee with brown wings (1)|
|honey bee front yellow (1)|