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|Robber flies (Asilidae) are a family in the order Diptera. There are approximately 7100 species found throughout the world, 80 species of which exist in Germany.
Some examples of these species are: Andrenosoma albibarbe, Andrenosoma atra, Aneomochtherus flavi...|
...ea, golden-haired robberfly (Choerades marginata), Choerades rufipes, Cyrtopogon lateralis, Didysmachus picipes, violet black-legged robberfly (Dioctria atricapilla), Dioctria bicincta and scarce red-legged robberfly (Dioctria cothurnata).
Robber flies are, on average, 10-20 mm in length, the smallest being 3-4 mm and the longest 65 mm. What is remarkable about these flies are their long, strong legs which they use to capture prey.
Adult robber flies’ ways of living are as varied as their biodiversity. Robber flies can be encountered in different habitats, from forests to sandy areas.
Less is known about their larvae They live in soil or in the woods and, like the adult flies, feed on other insects and their larvae (mainly on scarab beetles’ larvae, or on the larvae of beetles which live in wood). The larval stage takes 1-2 years before the larvae pupate.
Adult robber flies ambush other insects in flight. For this purpose they perch and wait. . If an insect is flying in their vicinity, the robber fly flies up into the air, attacks and stings.
|Frit flies (Chloropidae), also known as grass flies, are a family of flies in the order Diptera and are encountered throughout the world. There are approximately 2000 species worldwide, 178 of which can be found in Central Europe. Some examples of frit flies are: Lipara lucens , Oscinella frit , gout fly (Chlorops pumilionis), yellow swarming fly (haumatomyia notata) and Meromyza saltatrix.
Frit flies reach body lengths of 2-7 mm. Their bodies can be yellow, orange, brown, dark brown or black in colour, depending on which species they are. They have strong mouth parts, but their front wings and halteres are often weak. They do not fly, but use ...|
..., orange, brown, dark brown or black in colour, depending on which species they are. They have strong mouth parts, but their front wings and halteres are often weak. They do not fly, but use their strong, well-developed, hairy legs to move.
Frit flies are mainly active in autumn and can often be found in large numbers on lawns. Frit flies also often enter human dwellings, en masse where they are perceived as an annoyance.
Frit flies feed on sugary liquids such as nectar or honeydew. The females lay their eggs on the leaves of plants (mostly grasses), mushrooms, flowers or fruits. The hatched larvae then live inside the plants on which they feed. Some species of larvae pr...
|Horse flies (Tabanidae), also called forest flies, deer flies, gadflies, zimbs, clegs or marchflies, are a family of flies and belong to the blood sucking insects. There are approximately 4000 species of horse flies worldwide. Some examples of these species are: twin-lobed deerfly (Chrysops relictus), pale giant horsefly (abanus bovinus), band-eyed brown horsefly (Tabanus bromius), Tabanus sudeticus and notch-horned cleg (Haematopota pluvialis).
...to 0.2 ml from them. The males feed on nectar. In some species the females live off plants and carrion.
The bite of a horse fly can penetrate clothing and is much more painful than the sting of a mosquito due to the larger mouth parts. Horse flies are considered a risk to humans and animals, especially in Africa, as they carry diseases.
|Bot flies (Oestridae), also botflies, are a family of flies in the order Diptera. There are approximately 100 species found worldwide, 11 of which are encountered in Central Europe. The family of Bot flies is divided into three subfamilies: Oestrinae, Cephenemyiinae and Hypodermatinae. Some examples of species of Bot flies are: sheep bot fly (Oestrus ovis), Gasterophilus intestinalis, Hypoderma diana, Rhinoestrus purpureus, Hypoderma Acteon, Crivellia Silenus, the warble fly (Hypoderma bovis), Hypoderma lineatum and Pharyngomyia picta.
Bot flies reach body lengths of 10-13 mm. They are covered in thick furry hair. The mouth parts of this fly are often highly degenerated, thus many species do not eat solid food. Some species, however, take in fluid. The well developed, large wings have a ...|
... accordingly in the nasal mucous membrane, the throat or beneath the skin (subcutis) of their host animals. Egg laying can be a risky business for some females as the larvae hatch very fast and can attack their own mothers.
The approach of Bot flies can cause panic reactions in in cattle which often sustain severe injuries by running away into fences or barbed wire. The migration and development of larvae inside the host animals inevitably leads to illness and sometimes to the host animals’ ...
|Nematocera belong to the Insect Order Diptera. Examples of Nematocera families are: Anisopodidae, Bibionidae, winter crane flies, crane flies, net-winged midges, blackfly, gall midges, biting midgets, dark-winged fungus gnats, minute black scavenger flies, phantom midges, phantom crane Flies, Chironomidae, moth flies, mosquitoes, Macroceridae, and fungus gnats. In Germany, mosquitoes and crane flies are the most common. |
|Blow-flies (Calliphoridae) are a family within the suborder Brachycera, order Diptera. Blow-flies are found in virtually all habitats. There are approximately 1,000 species worldwide, 45 of which can be found in Germany. Some examples of blow-flies are: Calliphora vicina, bird blowflies, common green bottle flies and Melinda.|
|Murky-legged Black Legionnaire|
|The murky-legged black legionnaire (Beris chalybata) of the order Diptera, suborder Brachycera, family soldier flies (Stratiomyidae), and the subfamily Beridinae, belongs to the genus Beris. This species is encountered commonly, almost everywhere in the world. These medium-sized flies reach body lengths of up to 10 mm. They are dark green and have a metallic sheen.
They have a dark head with large, oval, dark red compound eyes and short, strong, dark sensors. Their chest is slightly hairy. At the rear edge of the scutellum are...|
They have a dark head with large, oval, dark red compound eyes and short, strong, dark sensors. Their chest is slightly hairy. At the rear edge of the scutellum areoften a number of curved spikes, hence the family name "soldier flies". Their halteres are whitish in colour, their legs are long and yellow and their feet are dark. The abdomen of the murky-legged black legionnaire appears flattened.
The murky-legged black legionnaire lives in humid forests or in forest ...
...feeds on pollen and nectar and sometimes also on the substrate of rotten plants. It can be found occasionally at dung heaps and also lives in other habitats. The murky-legged black legionnaire is defenseless against its enemies, as are all soldier flies.
Females lay eggs individually on rotting plants. In this humid environment, the larvae develop. Their bodies are uniform in shape, flattened and tapered at the end. They have leathery skin, which is strengthened like a shield in the course of...
... atrophied. The larvae have respiratory openings (stigma/spiracles) which are always open. On the chest (prothorax) the respiratory openings are very big in size. The larvae overwinter. They pupate in spring, in a hardened larval skin. The adult flies leave this through a T-shaped slit.
|The lauxaniid flies (Lauxaniidae) are a family in the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder true flies (Brachycera), the infraorder Muscomorpha (section: Schizophora, subsection: Acalyptrata) and the superfamily Lauxanioidea. "Sapromyzidae” is an obsolete scientific synonym for this family. The lauxaniid flies are divided into 2 subfamilies, Homoneurinae and Lauxaniinae, currently comprising 126 genera and approximately 1500 described species. They are found throughout the world. |
|Moth flies usually feed on plant juices or nectar, however some species do not eat at all. The females of the genus Sycorax sting frogs and suck their blood. The tropical Sand flies are known to tranmsit diseases. As moth flies are not good flyers , their move often is completed by the wind, but with very good control.
The females often lay their eggs (individually or as a clutch) close to water. The Psychoda phalaenoides prefer to lay their eggs near faeces or urine...|
...ir eggs (individually or as a clutch) close to water. The Psychoda phalaenoides prefer to lay their eggs near faeces or urine. The larvae are slender and have a body length of up to 4 mm. They have a very distinctive head shape. The larvae of Moth flies live in a variety of habitats such as water, forest soil, moss, fungi or in heavily polluted water (i.e. drains, sewage treatment plants).
|Crane flies (Tipulidae)|
|The crane flies (Tipulidae) are also known as mosquito hawks, mosquito eaters, skeeter eaters, gallinippers, gollywhoppers and jimmy spinners. They are a family in the order two-winged flies (Diptera) and in the suborder Nematocera. There are approximately 4000 species of crane flies worldwide, 140 of which occur in Germany. |
|furry legged gallinipper (1)|