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|Gastrophysa viridula feed exclusively on plants, preferably dock or green sorrel; when these are in short supply they will eat plants from the buckwheat family (Polygonaceae), cabbage family (Brassicaceae), violet family (Violaceae) or borage Family (Boraginaceae). However complete development of the larvae is not possible on all of these alternative food plants.|
|The phantom midges (Chaoboridae) are a family in the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder thread-horned flies (Nematocera), the infraorder Culicomorpha and the superfamily Culicoidea is. In former times this family was classified as the subfamily Chaoborinae in the family mosquitoes (Culicidae). The Chaoboridae are divided into 2 subfamilies (Chaoborinae and Eucorethrinae), They come with comprising 5 genera and 19 species. In Europe 3 genera with 14 species are common. In Central Europe, more than 11 species can b...|
|Spear-winged flies (Lonchopteridae) are a family in the order Diptera, suborder Brachycera, infraorder Muscomorpha, the unranked taxon Cyclorrhapha, the section Aschiza and the superfamily Lonchopteroidea. Their scientific family name is synonymous with the Musidoridae. This small family is monogeneric, it only contains the genus Lonchoptera, with 45 species known worldwide.|
|Bibionidae are a family of the order Diptera and belong to the suborder Nematocera. The species of this family are mid-sized Nematocera. There are approximately 400 species known worldwide of which 16 can be found in Germany. Some examples are: Dilophus febrilis, Bibio hortulanus and Bibio marci. |
|Drone flies are especially common in rural areas, (but are also encountered in populated areas), where they are often found in dunghills. They feed on nectar preferably from the sunflower family (Asteraceae) and the carrot family (umbellifers).|
|Eristalis arbustorum are found throughout the world (Europe, Africa, Asia and North America), especially in open terrain. Their preferred food source is nectar and the pollen of plants from the sunflower family (Asteraceae) and the carrot family (umbellifers).
Eristalis arbustorum appears from March to October.|
|Spider wasps (Pompilidae) is a family in the order Hymenoptera, the suborder Apocrita and the superfamily Vespoidea. This family comprises approximately 4000 species which are widespread throughout the world and around100 of these are found in Central Europe. |
|Flesh flies (Sarcophagidae) are a family of the order Diptera. There are approximately 2500 species worldwide of which 10 are found in Germany. The family of Flesh flies is divided in 2 genera, Sarcophaga and Senotaina. In Germany, the marbled-grey flesh fly (Sarcophaga carnaria) is the most common.|
|Ichneumon wasps (Ichneumonidae) are a family of wasps in the order Hymenoptera, the suborder Apocrita, the infraorder Terebrantia and the superfamily Ichneumonoidea. In Central Europe the family ichneumon wasps includes most species of Hymenoptera. Ichneumonidae includes the largest species of parasitoid Hymenoptera and is divided into 20 subfamilies.|
|Hylaeus are a genus in the family plasterer bees (Colletidae) within the order Hymenoptera, the suborder Apocrita, the infraorder Aculeata, the superfamily Apoidea and the subfamily Hylaeineae. This genus has numerous species worldwide. In Central Europe around 45 species are common, and in Germany 37.
Hylaeus reach body lengths of 6-9 mm. Their bodies are almost always black and hairless , which rules out immediate dete...|
... females lay their eggs in nests, which are constructed in hollow plant stems, dead wood or often in the galleries of beetles or other insects. After oviposition (egg laying) the nest is sealed. The larvae overwinter in the nests. Wasps of the family Gasteruptionidae are natural enemies of Hylaeus as their larvae feed on the brood of Hylaeus.
|dilophus species in europe (1)|