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|Drosophilidae are a family of flies. About 3000 species occur worldwide, approximately 50 of which can be found in Germany. Drosophilidae are usually 2 mm in length but can reach body lengths of 1-6 mm. They live in forests, forest edges and in areas populated by humans. They prefer compost heaps and all places in which fruits are stored or grown. Many species are thus described a...|
|Female Drosophilidae lay up to 400 eggs in decomposing plant material or in other substrates, which the hatching larvae then feed on. The development of the larvae takes place in 3 stages over about two weeks. The larvae feed on dead parts of plants or rotting fruits...|
...y mainly eat the microorganisms which are involved in the decomposition of plant materials. The larvae of other species are omnivorous and eat their way through plant stems or leaves. Others live off fungal cultures or prey on omnivorous insects. Drosophilidae reproduce several times a year.
|...n the meat and milk production industry. Due to the fact that some species of Brachycera t very often reside in feces and carcasses, they can transfer diseases. Some general examples of Brachycera are : Blow-flies, house flies and Muscidae.
The Drosophilidae, or fruit flies, of which about 3,000 species are known worldwide, can cause significant damage to orchards or individual trees.|
|Small fruit fly|
|...o known as the vinegar fly, is a species in the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder brachyceran flies (Brachycera), the infraorder Muscomorpha (section: Schizophora; subsection: Acalyptrata), the superfamily Drosophiloidea, and the family Drosophilidae. This species belongs to the subgenus Drosophila (Sophophora), in the subfamily Drosophilinae, the tribe Drosophilini, the subtribe Drosophilina and the genus Drosophila. Since this species (in genetic research) is an experimental subject of the fir...|