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|...autumn. The females overwinter under bark, leaves or grass tussocks. From March on, they leave their hideouts and start hunting small insects. After mating, the fertilized females lay their eggs on the underside of leaves. The larvae hatch later and develop to maturity from May to June. The larvae of the 2nd generation develop within 8 weeks and are mature from September on.
|This hoverfly is found in Europe, Central Asia and North Africa from April to September. It mainly lives in gardens, where it can be found on Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (hogweeds, carrots etc). Its larvae develop in small, muddy bodies of water, but also in rotting holes filled with water in the branches of trees. |
|...ere and lays an egg. She then seals the cell with chippings which she glues together with her saliva. In the direction of the exit the female then builds a new cell and then another and so on. When the larvae hatch they are like maggots and they develop for 3 weeks. They then turn into pupae and finish their development in June.|
|The female drone flies lay their eggs in sewage treatment plants and other muddy or foul waters. The larvae have a breathing tube, which is up to 100 mm in length. Therefore they are known as rat-tailed maggots. The larvae of drone flies develop to a body length of up to 20 mm. Due to the fact that they filter feculent particles from the water, they contribute to the clarification of water.|
|...nesting, mostly in bushes, but also on rock faces or house walls. They do not nest in dark cavities. The nest is made from a paper-like material, mostly won made of poplar bark. The nest includes brood cells, where the eggs are stored and the larvae develop. The larvae are fed a meat pulp made of insects, preferable Diptera. When the first female workers have hatched, further construction of the nest, and the provision of food supplies for the larvae is their responsibility. A colony can accommodate as...|
|... 2 new generations a year. The eggs are laid on wild grasses, in May or June, and again, in August. The caterpillars hatch from their eggs after about 10 days and feed on the wild grasses. They are nocturnal. The caterpillars of the first generation develop into adults in about a month, while the second generation overwinter. After the caterpillars have pupated, itís about two weeks until the new butterflies hatch. |
|...urmunda live in forests edges and are common in gardens. They are active from April to autumn. This species reproduces once a year.
The fertilized females of Anomoia purmunda lay their eggs in holes bored into the fruit of hawthorn. The larvae develop in the fruit and feed on it. In autumn they pupate and overwinter in the soil.|
|...uce with the onset of warmer weather. The females produce 10-70 young, up to 3 times a year. These are 2-3mm in length. The females retain the fertilized eggs in pouches. These pouches are situated on the legs and are filled with water. The young develop in these pouches and leave as small woodlice. Further brood care is not necessary. About 3 months later, the young woodlice become adults and shed their skin for a living. The adults overwinter in the soil.|
|Their larvae are up to 120 mm in length. The larvae prefer to live in and feed on rotting wood and develop in oak forests or in places where other plant material rots. During their development (3 to 5 years) they profit from the warmth created by the decomposition of the plant material. The mature larvae pupate in a cavity approximately the size of an egg, surrounded by a cocoon. The adult beetle hatches and remains in this dwelling f...|
|Auchenorrhyncha feed on the sweet juices of individual or multiple plant species. They move by flying forwards, running or jumping. They develop from egg to larva and from their last larval stage to adult insects without pupating. Auchenorrhyncha produce sounds. However, only those of the Cicadidae can be perceived by humans. |