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|...h which they can exude malodorous secretions. The beetle larvae are long, round and yellowish in color.
Darkling beetles prefer hot and sandy habitats (deserts, steppes (large areas of flat unforested grassland). They are tyically encountered in dead wood, bark, straw, hay, leaves, tree fungi , abandoned nests, and even in buildings.
Both adult and darkling beetle larvae are herbivores or omnivores. They often live in in the company of other darkling beetles and feed on rotting plants, see...|
...w, hay, leaves, tree fungi , abandoned nests, and even in buildings.
Both adult and darkling beetle larvae are herbivores or omnivores. They often live in in the company of other darkling beetles and feed on rotting plants, seeds, mushrooms or dead insects. Darkling beetles can cause major damage at food warehouses (Larvae of Meal worm beetles).
|The booklice live on different plants, tree trunks, under tree bark, in dead wood, bird nests and even in buildings. They eat fungi, spores, algae and lichens. Occasionally they also eat dead insects. Booklice need a medium to high humidity and temperatures over 15 degrees Celsius and are capable of absorbing water vapour directly from the air. New buildings and buildings with mould infestations are a favourite habitat of booklice. Here ...|
|The females lay their eggs, singly or in groups of up to 3000, in humus-rich soil. The larvae develop in the upper humus layers of grasslands and forests, among fallen leaves and dead vegetation or near tree stumps. They are hairy in the early stages of development. These hairs later form spiky projections.
The chest segments of the larvae are equipped with 10 pairs of invertebrate tracheae which supply the larvae with oxygen...|
... with 10 pairs of invertebrate tracheae which supply the larvae with oxygen. The larvae can be very large. The larvae of Bibio clavipes are cold resistant and overwinter. They are herbivores but can also feed on carrion. They feed on both living and dead plants. At the end of their development, the larvae pupate in the soil. The pupae are equipped with breathing horns which lengths are limited.
|Brachycera feed on living or dead organic matter. Due to a high mortality rate Brachycera have to lay eggs very often in order to survive but their birth rate depends on the climate and food supply.
Flies are capable of adapting to their environment. This allows them to walk on ...|
|Common to all wasps is the black-and-yellow warning colour of the body. The Vespinae live in states or parasitically as so called cuckoo wasps. Adult Vespinae mainly feed on small parts of dead or living animals, from insects, pollen, plant juices and from nectars. Their larvae are mainly fed on animal meat.
|Forest bug feed by sucking out the insides of fruit. They occasionally kill other insects and suck dead other arthropods (insects, arachnids, crustaceans etc). After mating, the females lay their eggs on top of a leaf. The larvae overwinter - unlike those of other kinds of shield bugs - under the bark of trees, and their further development takes plac...|
|Panorpidae (as all Scorpionflies) prefer shady areas in summer. They are often encountered in bushes and shrubs. They live on dead or injured insects and some species also eat nectar, fruit or the honeydew of aphids. Some also prey on insects trapped in spidersí webs.|
|The larvae of Leptura quadrifasciata feed mainly on willow wood. Alternative sources of food are oak, beech, birch, alder or hazel bushes. The beetles are not considered to be pests because the larvae reside in dead wood.
|The diet of Muscidae differs from species to species. There are parasites, blood suckers and also flower visitors. Then there are species that suck fluids of various kinds. Others feed on dead organic material and on the fungi which live within. There are species which live from feces and others which tunnel into plants, eating from their substance.
The larvae live in soil, some also in water. The larval phase ( in total 3 stages) l...|
|...s) and belong to the family Megachilidae. Approximately 50 different species are found in Central Europe. These include Osmia bicornis and Osmia cornuta.
Mason bees build their nests in walls, cracks in stone, , (sandy) soil, hollow plants, dead wood from trees or in the galleries of wood-boring insects. The females build individual brood chambers inside the nest using glandular secretions and leaf pieces. ) They deposit pollen and nectar in each brood chamber for the future larvae befor...|
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