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|Murky-legged Black Legionnaire|
|... Brachycera, family soldier flies (Stratiomyidae), and the subfamily Beridinae, belongs to the genus Beris. This species is encountered commonly, almost everywhere in the world. These medium-sized flies reach body lengths of up to 10 mm. They are dark green and have a metallic sheen.
They have a dark head with large, oval, dark red compound eyes and short, strong, dark sensors. Their chest is slightly hairy. At the rear edge of the scutellum areoften a number of curved spikes, hence the family name "soldier flies". Their halteres are whitish in colour, their legs are long and yellow and their feet are dark. The abdomen of the murky-legged black legionnaire appears flattened.
The murky-legged black legionnaire lives in humid forests or in forest edges. It can be seen in early summer on sunlit leaves, flying, or sitting in bushes, hedges or other...|
|The upper section of the body (prosoma) has dark edges and is a glassy, yellow to light brown colour. On the upper side is a black marking which resembles a "Y". The sternum is dark brown.
The rear section of the body (opisthosoma) is oblong. The basic colours of the upper side are white , yellow , green or reddish-brown. . At the upper section of the opisthosoma is the characteristic leaf-shaped marking (folium) , which ...|
...yellow , green or reddish-brown. . At the upper section of the opisthosoma is the characteristic leaf-shaped marking (folium) , which varies in colour (often in highly-contrasting red tones). The underside is yellow to brown in colour, with one dark and two bright stripes in the middle.
The legs of the autumn spider are yellow to light brown in colour and have indistinct dark spots and rings. The midfoot (metatarsal) of the first leg pair is (on the ventral side) slightly hairy, ( on the ventral side).
Due to its appearance, the autumn spider can easily can confused with the small autumn spider (Metellina mengei), wh...
|Each segment of the abdomen has dark brown bumps and dark brown bristles at the edges and in the middle. Their glands are dark brown and without hair. Their legs (3 pairs) are glossy dark brown to black. A few weeks after hatching, the larvae pupate on their food plants. One to two weeks later, the new generation of beetles hatch. Brassy willow beetles overwinter in the soil as adults.
|Adult Autographa gamma reach wingspans of 35 - 40 mm. Their forewings are grey to dark grey and have a dark marking. In the mid-wing area is a bright marking shaped like a bent "Y". The hindwings are greyish-brown with dark edges. The silver Y has a very long proboscis and can suck nectar out from deep flower calyx. The caterpillars, which are up to 25 mm in length, are light green and have a pattern of fine bright lines on their back. |
|This moth can reach wingspans of about 45 mm. The base colour of the forewings is reddish-brown. The upper surface of the forewings is divided into three sections by two transverse, light, wavy lines with dark edges. There is a row of dark brown spots from the centre to the outer edge of the forewing in the lower third which connects with the second line. The jagged edge of the forewing in the course also follows a wave with a. When the wings are outspread this dark edge continues on the hind wings’ upper surface - as also as the supreme line complained across the sub-wings is extended. |
|...a brownish-black, shiny, metallic colour. 4 grey bands run lengthwise along its upper surface. The wings have a reddish brown to brownish tint. The legs are rusty red, sometimes yellowy-orange. The abdomen is reddish-brown to yellowish-red and has a dark brown median stripe. The rear edges of each abdominal segment are also dark. A dark side seaming runs across all segments. |
|...iny silvery white colour on the upperside. In the middle is the characteristic leaf-like marking (folium). It is composed of a white surrounding area against the broad and clearly visible, greenish-brown or brownish-gold coloured band with a fine dark network of lines on the surface. A shiny silver-whitish area can be on its front section. The folium in space is limited by deep waves with narrow dark edges which can be golden , bronze or brownish in colour. The underside of the opisthosoma is dark brown and shiny silver with two narrow bands running lengthwise, which stop at the spider’s silk-spinning organ (spinneret).|
|...range from 3.8 - 4.6 mm. Their bodies are elongated and the males are slenderer than the females. Plagiognathus arbustorum vary in colour from light olive brown to almost black. The head, front of chest and first two antennae segments are usually dark. The head is small, shorter than it is wide and strongly inclined backwards. The chest has a bright posterior. The chest and front wings are covered with dark hairs. The legs are yellowish. A very useful identifying characteristic is the black, vertical lines on the thighs, which can also be found on the larvae. The lower part of the legs are covered with large, dark spots.|
|The most striking feature of this fly is the large, bloated-looking head. At the front is a translucent, dark brown bubble. The face of the Sicus ferrugineus is yellow. The lower part of the face is shiny, while the crown and forehead are dull coloured. The large compound eyes are chestnut-brown. The antennae are short and reddish brown and the 2nd segment ...|
...of the face is shiny, while the crown and forehead are dull coloured. The large compound eyes are chestnut-brown. The antennae are short and reddish brown and the 2nd segment is often as long as the 3rd. The proboscis consists of two sections and is dark brown to black-brown in colour. The cheeks in the side view appear substantially narrower than the compound eyes. A shiny, black patch is visible on the chest (thorax) - between the hips of the front and middle legs couples The abdomen, which is usu...
...legs couples The abdomen, which is usually folded forward when in resting position, has a circular cross section, and is hook-shaped especially in the males. The 7th segment of the abdomen is wedge-shaped and long. The end segments often appear much darker. While the base of the wings is a reddish-yellow colour, the wings themselves are transparent. The legs are dark.
|Male Omocestus rufipes reach body lengths of 12-17 mm, females 18-24 mm. The males are always darker than the females. The females usually have black brown, greyish brown to yellowish-brown or very occasionally reddish brown sides with shiny green backs, while the males have dark brown to black sides with yellowish brown backs.
The underside of the body of both sexes is (moving from front to rear) first green, then yellow then red. This colour change constitutes the most important identifying characteristic of the species....|
The front side of the head is black to blackish brown in both sexes. The colouration of the crown of the head corresponds to that of the back in both sexes. The antennae are black and have lighter tips. The maxillary and labial palpi are dark and also have lighter tips.
The thorax is black. The first segments of the abdomen are black The tip of the male’s abdomen is bright crimson. The wings go back as far as the hind knees and are mottled in the middle. The top halves are very dark. Due to their appearance, Omocestus rufipes can be confused with other species of grasshoppers.
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