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|The body size of adult heather spiders varies. Females reach body lengths of 7 - 9. 8 mm, while males are 2 to 3. 6 mm in length. As is the case with most species of crab spiders, the heather spider has a bizarre body shape with bumps and pits. The colour of the body in the males and females is also different. In some specimens the whole body is one colour. The body colour of the females can range from white to pink or yellow, depending on the colour of the flowers they are visiting. This colour adaptation is possible within a few days, with the colouring is supported (surface dissolution) by dots and stripes. Male Thomisus onustus are frequently dull yellow or have a yellowish tint. |
|The upper section of the body (prosoma) has dark edges and is a glassy, yellow to light brown colour. On the upper side is a black marking which resembles a "Y". The sternum is dark brown.
The rear section of the body (opisthosoma) is oblong. The basic colours of the upper side are white , yellow , green or reddish-brown. . At the upper section of the opisthosoma is the characteristic leaf-shaped marking (folium) , which varies in colour (often in highly-contrasting red tones). The underside is yellow to brown in colour, with one dark and two bright stripes in the middle.
The legs of the autumn spider are yellow to light brown in colour and have indistinct dark spots and rings. The midfoot (metatarsal) of the first leg pair is (on the ventral side) slightly hairy, ( on the ventral side).
Due to its appearance, the autumn spider can easily can confused with the small autumn spid...|
...he midfoot (metatarsal) of the first leg pair is (on the ventral side) slightly hairy, ( on the ventral side).
Due to its appearance, the autumn spider can easily can confused with the small autumn spider (Metellina mengei), which is similar in colour. . The species can be told apart by the shape of their genitals, their body size and the hair on the legs of the males.
The autumn spider can be encountered in a wide range of environments, at various altitudes. It prefers semi-open habitats s...
|Adult Stenodema laevigata reach body lengths of 7 - 10 mm. Their bodies are green, brown or yellow in colour according to the colour of their surrounding environment. As the colour of the grass changes throughout the seasons so does the colour of the bugs. Their heads are elongated and their eyes are positioned towards the back of the head. Their antennae and hind legs are very long. |
|The abdomen of the male has nearly the same markings, but is somewhat darker and reddish-gold in colour. The colour contrasts are weaker than that of the females, and there are much fewer white or silvery areas. Their underside is brown, with wavy borders and has a dark band running lengthwise. The legs differ significantly in their length, colour and shape, with those of the females are beige, brown or yellow-brown coloured, while those of the males appear darker in colour. Whilst the first, second and fourth pairs of legs are very long, the third pair of legs is relatively short. This pair helps the spider to hold onto thin twigs or grass when resting, while the other pairs of legs are stretched out. There are freque...|
|Adult specimens can reach body lengths of 5 to 9 mm. Including their long (and hairy) tail appendages total lengths of 8 to 17 mm are possible. Their long and slender bodies are yellowish-brown in colour sometimes with a green shimmer. The head is light coloured with a central marking in yellow, gray, brown and reddish-brown tones. Their two large compound eyes are brown in colour. Their mouth parts are atrophied because they mostly do not eat and live of fluid. The surface of the thorax is yellowish, reddish and whitish in colour and has a wide, somewhat darkened median stripe, in which a bright line runs lengthwise. The scutellum (small triangular plate on the thorax) is bright turquoise. Each segment of the abdomen has a light brown andreddish brown pattern on it an...|
... on the thorax) is bright turquoise. Each segment of the abdomen has a light brown andreddish brown pattern on it and a long shiny green stripe lengthwise on the upper surface. In male specimens the posterior part is often red or reddish brown in colour. The Pond olive dun is able to swim by moving its abdomen up and down (making a wriggling motion). 7 pairs of gills are located laterally, the first six pairs of which work almost continuously. At the end of its abdomen it has 2 long and hairy (...
|It reaches wingspans of 40 - 50 mm. The upper surface of the wings is orange in colour with black, brown and yellow spots. The underside of the wings is dark brown in colour and bears a striking, white marking in the form of a "C", hence the name "comma". The colouration and patterning of the comma butterfly varies within a year from one generation to another. The caterpillars of the comma butterfly reach body lengths of up to 30 mm. They are orange-brown in colour are with black markings. The upper surface of the body is two-thirds white in colour. The upper third is yellow and black. |
|Adult Eristalis (Eoseristalis) pertinax reach body lengths of 11 - 16 mm. Their bodies have a black base colour. The thorax is uniformly black in colour. In the males the entire abdomen is wedge-shaped and almost black in colour, with reddish-yellow markings on the second segment which do not extend onto neighbouring segments (as is the case in other Eristalis species). These markings have yellowish-brown hair. In the females the markings on the 2nd abdominal segment are ha...|
|The basic colour of the upper surface of the hind wings is also brownish to reddish. It is also filled with yellowish-orange-red spots. Near the hem of the forewing whitish edge lines and 3-4 eye patches are as coexistent. The outer edge of the rear wing is concave....|
... edge lines and 3-4 eye patches are as coexistent. The outer edge of the rear wing is concave. This is an important criterion to distinguish the canary speckled wood from other species of the genus Pararge. The undersides of the hind wings are ochre-coloured and slightly marbled with a brownish colour. In some sections, jagged lines follow the contours of the outer edge. Indistinct dark brown "eyes" with a light core can also be found on the undersides. The legs are grey-brown in colour.
|...silomorpha, Nemestrinoidea and to the family Acroceridae. It belongs to the genus Cyrtus.
The Taurus fly can be found throughout southern Europe, but is rare. It is medium-sized, compact and almost spherical in shape. It is mostly yellow in colour and has black spots and ligatures. It is covered in fine hairs.
The head is spherical and black and the antennae are very small and thin. The third segment of the antenna is very short and with apically thin hair. The proboscis is strikingly l...|
...pots and ligatures. It is covered in fine hairs.
The head is spherical and black and the antennae are very small and thin. The third segment of the antenna is very short and with apically thin hair. The proboscis is strikingly large, yellow in colour and appears slightly darker at the end. In the resting position it lies on the belly amongst the legs. The proboscis is stretched out before eating takes place. The chest (thorax) is very rounded, yellow on the sides has a big, black shiny patc...
...cales under which the halteres are covered. The abdomen is yellow and with black spots on the top as also with three black bandages , which to the rear end are wedge-shaped and extended. The legs are long , thin and from reddish-yellow to yellow in colour.
The Taurus fly feeds on the nectar of the various plant species whose blossoms she visits. The female lays her eggs on branches of trees or on blades of grass. The number of eggs (located singly or in or in small clusters) can amount to more th...
|These are very small flies, about 2-3 mm in length and their bodies are mostly yellow in colour. The head and antennae are bright yellow. The top section? the upper surface? of their chest (thorax) is shiny black. Their scutellum is also light yellow. They have markings on the upper surface. The females have an ovipositor on the end of their b...|
...de of leaves and place 50 to 100 (sometimes even up to 400) eggs there. The hatched larvae develop rapidly. At the end of the third and last larval stage the bodies of the larvae can reach lengths of up to 3 mm. The bodies are yellowish-white in colour and have no legs. The larvae remain in the leaf and bite twisting (serpentine like) passageways into the cell tissues by moving their mouth hooks up and down. Hence the English name "Serpentine leafminers" for the genus Liriomyza. The o...
... for the genus Liriomyza. The outer layer of the leaves remains intact.
After 4 days the larvae are fully developed and leave the leavesí interior, through a slit, in order to pupate. The development from egg to pupae (reddish-yellow to brown in colour) to adult takes about 17 days.
Endoparasites are natural enemies of the Chrysanthemum leaf miner larvae, for example, the larvae of the ichneumon wasps Dacnusa sibirica and Diglyphus isaea. The ichneumon wasps lay their eggs in the larvae of th...
|large beige spider 2 rows of eyes and light brown legs with black ends (1)|
|spider with brown body and black rear end (1)|
|yelloish body two black antena like spider (1)|
|beige spider long legs (1)|
|yellow larvae with hair (1)|
|spider with light brown body and black end (1)|
|light beige spider brown spots on legs (1)|