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|Cobweb spiders (Theridiidae), also called comb-footed spiders, belong to the order spiders (Araneae), the suborder Araneomorphae (also: Labidognatha), the series Entelegynae, and the superfamily Araneoidea. The family cobweb spiders includes 96 genera with 2283 species and its members are found throughout the world. . Cobweb spiders are frequently encountered in the temperate zones as well as in the subtropical and tropical regions. |
|A large number of the European species of cobweb spiders belong to the genus Theridion. Some of these species are very striking and colourful. The European cobweb spider species include: southern black widow (Latrodectus mactans), European or Mediterranean black widow (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus), Latrodectus hasselti, Carniella brignolii, Chrysso spiniventris, Coleosoma floridanum, Crustulina guttata, Dip...|
|Cobweb spiders are small to medium in size and reach body lengths of 3-15 mm. The females often have a round or elongated abdomen. Body colour and markings vary, depending on type. They can be very vividly coloured . There are also many single-colour...|
...an be very vividly coloured . There are also many single-coloured species, which often have no markings. The bodies can be very hard and covered with strikingly shaped spikes . Many species are covered in? fine hair and are shiny. The nocturnal cobweb spiderslive in caves and have small eyes, which are close together, forming a group.
|Cobweb spiders which live mostly sedentary lifestyles can live a long time. They spin large webs and catch insects at night. Sometimes they hunt for insects on plants or whilst on the ground. Their webs are labyrinth like and are created like cobs. ...|
...ebs and catch insects at night. Sometimes they hunt for insects on plants or whilst on the ground. Their webs are labyrinth like and are created like cobs. When larger populations occur in a limited space, social communities can develop, in which cobweb spiders combine their webs with those of their neighbours.
|Rabbit hutch spider|
|The rabbit hutch spider (Steatoda bipunctata) belongs to the order spiders (Araneae), suborder Araneomorphae (also: Labidognatha), series Entelegynae, superfamily Araneoidea, the family Cobweb spiders (Theridiidae) and to the genus Steatoda. This species is widespread throughout the Holarctic ecozone and is encountered commonly in Central Europe. Rabbit hutch spiders reproduce twice a year and are non-endangered.|
|Most species have spherical abdomens which are shiny black or brown to light brown incolourand often patterned in more or less contrasting colours . In many cases, the abdomen is oblong in shape. Most cobweb spiders have long, thin legs. A distinctive characteristic of these spiders, is the "comb" or “brush” on the feet (tarsi) of their 4th pair of legs, which is made from hairs (setae). The hairs are bent and have fine "teeth" ...|
|Spider - European garden spider on its cobweb|
|european cobweb spider (1)|