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|Genera Anthophora and Amegilla|
|The genera Anthophora and Amegilla form a new genus in the family bees (Apidae), the order Hymenoptera , the superfamily Apoidea and the subfamily Anthophorinae. The German name for this new genus is “Pelzbienen” and could be translated as “fur bees”. Anthophora and Amegilla are found throughout the world and they are widespread in Central Europe where approximately 20 species can be found. Some species of the genus Anthophora are: Anthophora aestivalis, Anthophora bimaculata, Anthophora borealis, Anthophora crassipes, Anthophora fulvitarsis, Anthophora furcata, Anthophora plagiata, Anthophora plumipes, Anthophora pubescens, Anthophora quadrimaculata and Anthophora retusa. The genus Amegilla includes the species Amegilla quadrifasciata. In Germany there are 13 species of “fur” bees. The most common is the flower bee (Anthophora plumipes).
|Adult Anthophora and Amegilla are active from March to June. They are often visible on deadnettle (Lamium) or on other species of the mint family (Lamiaceae), as well as on borage (Borago officinalis) and species of the primrose family (Primulaceae).
... eggs ,in a small puddle of nectar. The hatched larvae feed on the puree until early autumn, thereafter they pupate within the brood chamber. They overwinter as pupae and hatch as adult bees in March. Among the parasites who feed on the brood of Anthophora and Amegilla is the oil beetle Sitaris muralis. In march, the female Sitaris muralis beetles place an egg on the fur of hatched male Anthophora and Amegilla.
During mating the eggs are transferred to the fur of the female bees and are thus transported unnoticed into the bees’ nests. The hatched larvae of the oil beetle feed on the food stores and on the brood of the Anthophora and Amegilla bees.
|Anthophora and Amegilla are solitary bees which don’t build colonies. These bees can reach body lengths of 8-16 mm. Their bodies are compact, stocky and densely hairy and they resemble bumble bees. They have strikingly large compound eyes and simple eyes ...|
|Anthophora and Amegilla prefer to build their nests on south-facing slopes with sparse vegetation and loamy soils. However, there are species that nest in rotten wood.|
|After mating, the fertilized females lay their eggs separately in each brood cell in the nests of mason bees (Osmia), Anthophora, potter wasps (Eumenidae), pill wasps (Eumenes), Vespidae or sphecoid wasps (Spheciformes). The host insects try to prevent the rubytail wasps from entering their nests, however the latter are not only equipped with a strong chitin-armoured surface,...|
|antophora bimaculata (1)|
|antophora plumipes (1)|
|the potter flower bee anthophora retusa (1)|