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Common earwig - Forficula auricularia
Common earwig - Forficula auricularia

Common earwig
The common earwig (Forficula auricularia), also known as the European earwig, belongs to the genus Forficula, in the order earwigs (Dermaptera), the suborder Forficulina, the family Forficulidae, and the subfamily Forficulinae. Adults reach body lengths of 10 - 16 mm. Their bodies are predominantly brown in colour, with transition to some shades of red. The pronotum has light-brown sides. The legs and wing covers are yellowish in colour. The hind wings are longer and extend a little bit beyond the wing covers. The males’ pincers are broad and flat at the base. There is a tooth on the pincers. The common earwig has antennae with 15 segments.
The common earwig feeds on parts of plants, fruits, seeds and aphids. It overwinters as an adult, hiding among leaf litter, and in cracks and crevices in and around buildings and plants. Common earwigs are nocturnal. Although they are capable of flying, they do so only rarely.
In spring and autumn, the females dig tunnels into the ground, where they lay 50 - 90 eggs. The eggs, as well as the hatching larvae of the spring generation, are guarded by the females. The larvae shed their skin 4 - 5 times. They are similar to the adult earwigs, but are much brighter lighter in colour and without wings. They reach maturity in approximately one month.
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1. Common earwig - Forficula auricularia
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Insects, True insects
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Forficula auricularia
European Earwig, Common earwig
AuthorCarolus Linnaeus/Linaeus, 1758
Forficula auricularia silanoides (Karny, 1911)
Forficula bipunctata (Petanga, 1789)
Forficula borealis (Leach, 1835)
Forficula caucasica (Kolenati, 1846)
Forficula dentata (Fabricius, 1775)
Forficula forcipata (Stephens, 1835)
Forficula infumata (Megerle, 1825)
Forficula major (De Geer, 1773)
Forficula media (Marsham, 1802)
Forficula neglecta (Marsham, 1802)
Forficula parallela (Fabricius, 1775)
Forficula silanoides (Karny, 1911)
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