Insects Database
 Insects
 Dragonflies
 Autumn Hawker
 Black-lined skimmer
 Broad-winged damselfliesPics
 Diplacodes trivialis
 Keeled Skimmer
 Large red damselfly
 Narrow-winged DamselfliesPics
 Ruddy Darter
 Scarce chaser
 Scarlet dragonfly
 Southern hawker
 Southern Migrant Hawker
 Southern Skimmer
 Spreadwings
 Trithemis aurora
 Trithemis pallidinervis
 Families overview
 True dragonflies
 Damselflies
 Species overview
 Pictures

 AntsPics
 ArachnidsPics
 BeesPics
 BeetlesPics
 Booklice - BarkfliesPics
 BugsPics
 BumblebeesPics
 CicadasPics
 Crane fliesPics
 DragonfliesPics
 EarwigsPics
 FliesPics
 IsopodsPics
 LocustsPics
 MayfliesPics
 MecopteraPics
 MosquitoesPics
 Moths & ButterfliesPics
 Net-winged insectsPics
 Plant-parasitic HemipteransPics
 Praying MantisesPics
 WaspsPics
Number Converter

Scarlet dragonfly - Crocothemis erythraea
Scarlet dragonfly - Crocothemis erythraea


Scarlet dragonfly
The scarlet dragonfly (Crocothemis erythraea), or common scarlet-darter, is a species in the order dragonflies (Odonata), the suborder Epiprocta, the infraorder dragonflies (Anisoptera), the superfamily Libelluloidea, the family Libellulidae, and the genus Crocothemis. Subspecies of the scarlet dragonfly are Crocothemis erythraea chaldaeorum and Crocothemis erythraea erythraea.
Crocothemis erythraea
Crocothemis erythraea
Crocothemis erythraea come from the warm zone of Africa, Western Asia and Southern Europe. Over approximately the last ten years, they have spread out over the Alps into the north, and can be found in Central Europe in summer, as far north as the southern edge of Scandinavia.
Crocothemis erythraea - Front view
Crocothemis erythraea - Front view
Adult scarlet dragonflies reach body lengths of 40 - 45 mm. Their colouration varies. In Central Europe brownish-red males are often encountered, while for example in the Mediterranean region, all the males are bright red. The eyes and legs are red and there is a red, or orange-yellow, basal spot on each hindwing. The abdomen of the males is very long and there are pincers at the end that are used to hold the females during mating.
Common scarlet-darter
Common scarlet-darter
Females are light brown, olive brown, olive green or ochre in colour. The basal spots on their hindwings are yellow or yellow-orange. The wingspan of the scarlet dragonfly is 55 - 70 mm. Between the wing approaches a light narrow dorsal line can be detected. The pterostigma is yellow or orange-yellow to brown. Scarlet dragonflies can easily be confused with some darter species, however, they are larger and have a flatter abdomen than the darters. Young and female scarlet dragonflies are similar in colouration to female black-lined skimmers(Orthetrum cancellatum). The latter, however, have agrey to bluish marking on their wings. Female scarlet dragonflies also have a vertically protruding ovipositor. The legs are strongly built and are used to catch prey.
Red Scarlet dragonfly - Top view
Red Scarlet dragonfly - Top view
Scarlet dragonflies are active from April to October. They prefer to live on warm stagnant water (lakes, ponds or pools), where their larvae can develop. The presence of abundant vegetation on the ground at the water's edge is always importantbecause the males like to be there.
Anisoptera - Crocothemis erythraea
Anisoptera - Crocothemis erythraea
Scarlet dragonflies prey on insects (flies, mosquitoes), or on spiders, which they catch while in flight. They have their own territory which they defend against rivals. The mating season of the scarlet dragonfly is from May to August in Central Europe, and from April to October in the Mediterranean. Mating begins within a few seconds of flight and is usually continued on the ground.
Dragonfly - Crocothemis erythraea
Dragonfly - Crocothemis erythraea
Fertilized females lay their eggs from the air, dropping 20 - 30 of them, each about 0. 5 mm in length, into vegetated waters. The larvae need to stay at the bottom of the water for about 1 year in order to develop. They live off captured micro-organisms until they are about 19 mm in length. At the end of their development, the larvae leave the water by crawling up parts of plants. After hatching from their outer shell (exuviae), the adult dragonflies dry and begin to fly. In Central Europe, the scarlet dragonfly produces 1 new generation a year, in the Mediterranean, 2 are possible.
Crocothemis erythraea - female
Crocothemis erythraea - female
Scarlet dragonfly - female
Scarlet dragonfly - female
Crocothemis erythraea - brown female
Crocothemis erythraea - brown female
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Scarlet dragonfly - Crocothemis erythraea
2. Crocothemis erythraea
3. Crocothemis erythraea - Front view
4. Common scarlet-darter
5. Red Scarlet dragonfly - Top view
6. Anisoptera - Crocothemis erythraea
7. Dragonfly - Crocothemis erythraea
8. Crocothemis erythraea - female
9. Scarlet dragonfly - female
10. Crocothemis erythraea - brown female
Sources, links and more informations
Scarlet Dragonfly in Wikipedia
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassPalaeoptera
Ancient winged insects
SuperorderOdonatoptera
OrderOdonata
Dragonflies, Damselflies, Dragonflies and Damselflies
SuborderEpiprocta
InfraorderAnisoptera
Dragonflies, Dragonfly
SuperfamilyLibelluloidea
FamilyLibellulidae
Skimmers, Perchers, Common skimmers
SubfamilySympetrinae
GenusCrocothemis
Skimmers
Specieserythraea
Crocothemis erythraea
Scarlet darter, Broad Scarlet, Common Scarlet-darter, Scarlet Dragonfly
AuthorBrullé, 1832
 
Subspecies
Crocothemis erythraea chaldaeorum
Crocothemis erythraea erythraea
 Families overview
 True dragonflies
 Damselflies
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Feuerlibelle
 Contact
 Copyrights
 Glossary
 Imprint
 New pictures
 Taxonomy tree
 Unknown insects
 Unknown spiders


New chapters:
Paragus haemorrhous
Paragus tibialis
Poecilus cupreus
Black-banded spider wasp
Red-girdled Mining-bee
Grey Mining Bee
Andrena vaga
Early Mining Bee
Ectemnius cephalotes
Ectemnius continuus
Spilostethus saxatilis
Melanocoryphus albomaculatus
Spilostethus pandurus
Black-and-Red-bug
Orthops basalis
Minettia longipennis
Privet Leafhopper
Stenocranus major
Green Leafhopper
Meiosimyza decipiens